- Create a nutritional care plan for your client.(old- malnutrition) This will include an evaluation of nutritional risk, a list of interventions, and a list of expected outcomes.
- List the goals of medical nutrition therapy for your patient and suggest an appropriate diet. Does your patient/client require a dietary modification of their regular diet? Are enteral feedings by tube necessary? If so, what formula will you use and why? Describe your recommended method of administration.
- Describe your nutrition education teaching session with your patient and/or their family. What teaching methods will you use (explanation, discussion, demonstration, handouts, etc.)? In your own words, write a paragraph detailing three specific points that you will need to teach your patient about his/her new diet. In addition, give at least one tip to avoid potential herb/nutrient/drug interactions.
Expert Solution Preview
For this task, I will provide a nutritional care plan for an elderly client dealing with malnutrition. The evaluation of nutritional risk shows a significant reduction in weight with a BMI of 16.2. The client is also experiencing loss of appetite and difficulty swallowing. The interventions will include a high-calorie diet with 1.5-2g/kg protein, five small meals per day, and drinks supplemented with high-calorie and high-protein formulas. The expected outcomes include weight gain of 1-2 lbs per week, improved appetite, and increased energy levels. The goals of medical nutrition therapy for this patient are to improve their nutritional status and promote weight gain. An appropriate diet will include a high-calorie and high-protein diet with a focus on nutrient-rich foods such as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. The client requires a dietary modification of their regular diet to meet their energy and protein needs. Enteral feedings by tube are necessary. The formula that will be used is a high-calorie, high-protein formula with added fiber to prevent constipation. The recommended method of administration is a gravity drip method to control the rate of feeding.
For the nutrition education teaching session, I will use a discussion and demonstration approach. The three specific points that I will teach the patient about their new diet include the importance of consistent meal times, the need to increase protein intake, and the benefit of using high-calorie nutritional supplements. To avoid potential herb/nutrient/drug interactions, it is important to consult with a healthcare provider before initiating any new supplements or changing any medications.
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